The influence of low socioeconomic status backgrounds on individuals up take of physical activity, age eighteen to twenty-four with the help of sports facilitators working in Newcastle

The influence of low socioeconomic status backgrounds on individuals up take of physical activity, age eighteen to twenty-four with the help of sports facilitators working in Newcastle
Ahmed Bilal
BSc (Hons) Applied Sports Coaching and Development
Newcastle College University Centre

ABSTRACT
This research project was completed to investigate the influence of low Socioeconomic Status (SES) backgrounds on individuals up take of physical activity (PA), age eighteen to twenty-four with the help of sports facilitators working within Newcastle. The aims for this following study was to find out what are the low Socioeconomic Status factors, who are young adults, aged eighteen to twenty-four, influenced by for taking part in physical activity, how individual can overcome the struggle of taking part in physical activity, the importance of physical activity and what are the health factors related to socioeconomic status?

This study used qualitative method, there was use of semi structured interviews, and there were ten participants split into two groups. Six participants consisted of male and female age eighteen to twenty-four from low SES areas of Newcastle. Second Group of participants consisted of four sports facilitators working within low SES areas of Newcastle. The sport facilitators consisted of sport development officer, sport operation assistant, sport health and
fitness specialist and sport activity officer. Findings showed that the main low SES factors found were Job, area, money and facility. This study found that the eighteen to twenty-four are influenced by friends, family, role model,
teachers, parents, peers and facilitators for taking part in physical activity. The findings explained that individual can overcome the struggle for taking part in PA by having number of things such as lack of interest, self-confidence, lack of opportunities and many more. The findings for importance of physical activity stated that PA is important for body, brain, wellbeing and social life. The health factors found that were linked to low SES were obesity, overweight, medical condition, injury depression and mental health. The results were analysed using grounded theory.
In this study all the aims were explained. This research made connections between different topics that were linked to low SES. The main factors found were job, money, and income, these factors were also found in different studies by Taib et al., (2017), Graham (2009) and PĂ©rez et al., (2017). Over all the aims were achieved at the end of the study.

KEY WORDS: Low socioeconomic status, Low SES Areas, Mental Health, Newcastle,
Physical Activity, Sport Facilitators, Thematic Analysis, Young Adults.

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